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Master time manipulation in Python with the versatile time module!

# Python Time Module

In Python, the `time` module provides various functions for time-related tasks such as getting the current time, formatting dates and times, and adding delays. This module is useful when you need to work with timestamps, measure time intervals, or schedule tasks based on time.

## Displaying Current Time

To display the current time in a human-readable format, you can use the `time.ctime()` function. This function returns a string representing the current local time in the format “Day_of_week Month Day HH:MM:SS Year”.

Example:
“`python
import time

current_time = time.ctime()
print(current_time)
“`

Output:
“`
Tue Nov 2 17:15:30 2021
“`

## Formatting Time

If you need more control over the formatting of the time, you can use the `time.strftime()` function. This function allows you to specify a format string to customize how the time is displayed.

Example:
“`python
import time

current_time = time.strftime(‘%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S’, time.localtime(time.time()))
print(current_time)
“`

Output:
“`
2021-11-02 17:16:40
“`

The format string in `strftime()` consists of various format codes like `%Y` for the year, `%m` for the month, `%d` for the day, `%H` for the hour, `%M` for the minute, and `%S` for the second. You can combine these format codes in any way you like to create the desired time format.

## Delaying Execution

Sometimes you may need to introduce a delay in your program, for example, to wait for a certain amount of time before executing the next instruction. The `time.sleep()` function can be used for this purpose.

Example:
“`python
import time

for i in range(5):
print(i)
time.sleep(1) # Pause for 1 second
“`

This code snippet will output the numbers from 0 to 4 with a 1-second delay between each number.

## Conclusion

The `time` module in Python provides essential functionality for working with time-related tasks in your programs. Whether you need to display the current time, format timestamps, or introduce delays, the functions provided by the `time` module can help you achieve these tasks efficiently. By understanding how to utilize the functions in the `time` module, you can add time-related features to your Python applications with ease.