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Pathlib in Python simplifies filesystem path manipulation with its intuitive and object-oriented approach.

# Python Pathlib Usage

In Python, the `pathlib` module provides an object-oriented approach to working with filesystem paths. It was introduced in Python 3.4 as a more intuitive and flexible alternative to the `os.path` module. Pathlib aims to simplify working with paths in a platform-independent way and provides a more object-oriented interface for filesystem operations.

## Basic Usage

To start using `pathlib`, you need to import the module:

“`python
from pathlib import Path
“`

You can then create a `Path` object by passing a string representing a filesystem path:

“`python
path = Path(‘/path/to/directory’)
“`

You can also create a `Path` object relative to the current working directory:

“`python
path = Path(‘relative/path’)
“`

Once you have a `Path` object, you can perform various operations on it:

### Checking Existence

You can check if a file or directory exists using the `exists()` method:

“`python
if path.exists():
print(‘Path exists’)
else:
print(‘Path does not exist’)
“`

### Getting File Information

You can get information about a file using methods like `is_file()`, `is_dir()`, `stat()`, and `resolve()`:

“`python
if path.is_file():
print(‘Path is a file’)
elif path.is_dir():
print(‘Path is a directory’)
print(path.stat())
print(path.resolve())
“`

### Reading and Writing Files

You can read the contents of a file using the `read_text()` method:

“`python
content = path.read_text()
print(content)
“`

You can also write to a file using the `write_text()` method:

“`python
path.write_text(‘Hello, World!’)
“`

### Iterating Over Directory Contents

You can iterate over the contents of a directory using the `iterdir()` method:

“`python
for item in path.iterdir():
print(item)
“`

## Advanced Usage

Pathlib provides a powerful API for working with paths and performing filesystem operations. Here are some advanced features:

### Globbing

You can use the `glob()` method to find files matching a specific pattern:

“`python
for file in path.glob(‘*.txt’):
print(file)
“`

### Creating Directories

You can create directories using the `mkdir()` method:

“`python
new_dir = path / ‘new_directory’
new_dir.mkdir()
“`

### Copying and Moving Files

You can copy files using the `copy_to()` method and move files using the `rename()` method:

“`python
new_path = path / ‘new_file.txt’
path.copy_to(new_path)
path.rename(new_path)
“`

### Deleting Files

You can delete files using the `unlink()` method and directories using the `rmdir()` method:

“`python
path.unlink()
“`

### Resolving Paths

You can resolve paths using the `resolve()` method:

“`python
resolved_path = path.resolve()
print(resolved_path)
“`

## Conclusion

The `pathlib` module in Python provides a modern and intuitive way to work with filesystem paths. It offers a more object-oriented interface for performing filesystem operations and simplifies common tasks like file reading, writing, and directory iteration. By using `pathlib`, you can write cleaner and more readable code when working with paths in your Python projects.