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Get detailed file information with Python’s os.stat() function.

# **Python os.stat Usage**

In Python, the `os.stat()` function is used to get the status of a file or a file descriptor. It returns an object that represents the status of the specified path. The `os.stat()` function is part of the `os` module in Python and provides information about a file such as its size, permissions, creation and modification timestamps, and more.

## **Using os.stat()**

To use the `os.stat()` function in Python, you need to import the `os` module. Here is a basic example of how to use `os.stat()` to get the status of a file:

“`python
import os

# Specify the path to the file
file_path = ‘file.txt’

# Get the status of the file
file_status = os.stat(file_path)

# Print the status information
print(file_status)
“`

When you run this code, it will output the status information of the specified file. The information returned by `os.stat()` is represented by a `stat_result` object, which contains various attributes that provide details about the file.

## **Attributes of the stat_result object**

The `stat_result` object returned by `os.stat()` has several attributes that you can access to retrieve specific information about the file. Some of the common attributes include:

– `st_mode`: The file mode (permissions).
– `st_ino`: The inode number.
– `st_dev`: The device.
– `st_nlink`: The number of hard links.
– `st_uid`: The user id of the owner.
– `st_gid`: The group id of the owner.
– `st_size`: The size of the file in bytes.
– `st_atime`: The last access time.
– `st_mtime`: The last modification time.
– `st_ctime`: The creation time.

You can access these attributes using dot notation on the `stat_result` object. For example, to get the size of the file, you would use `file_status.st_size`.

## **Example: Getting file size using os.stat()**

Here is an example that demonstrates how to use `os.stat()` to get the size of a file:

“`python
import os

# Specify the path to the file
file_path = ‘file.txt’

# Get the status of the file
file_status = os.stat(file_path)

# Get the size of the file
file_size = file_status.st_size

# Print the size of the file
print(f’The size of the file is: {file_size} bytes’)
“`

By running this code, you will be able to retrieve and print the size of the specified file in bytes using the `st_size` attribute of the `stat_result` object returned by `os.stat()`.

## **Conclusion**

In conclusion, the `os.stat()` function in Python is a useful tool for obtaining detailed information about a file. By utilizing the attributes of the `stat_result` object, you can access various aspects of the file, such as its size, permissions, and timestamps. Understanding how to use `os.stat()` effectively can be valuable when working with file operations in Python.