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Use Python’s os.lstat() to get file information without following symbolic links.

# Using Python os.lstat

In Python, the `os.lstat()` function is used to get information about a file or directory without following symbolic links. This function returns a `stat_result` object, which contains information about the file or directory.

## Syntax
“`python
os.lstat(path)
“`

Where `path` is the path to the file or directory you want to get information about.

## Parameters
– `path`: A string representing the path to the file or directory.

## Return Value
The `os.lstat()` function returns a `stat_result` object, which contains information about the file or directory. This object has the following attributes:
– `st_mode`: Protection bits.
– `st_ino`: Inode number.
– `st_dev`: Device.
– `st_nlink`: Number of hard links.
– `st_uid`: User ID of the owner.
– `st_gid`: Group ID of the owner.
– `st_size`: Size of the file in bytes.
– `st_atime`: Time of most recent access.
– `st_mtime`: Time of most recent content modification.
– `st_ctime`: Time of most recent metadata change.

## Example
“`python
import os

# Get information about a file
file_info = os.lstat(‘file.txt’)

# Print the file size
print(f”File size: {file_info.st_size} bytes”)
“`

In this example, we use the `os.lstat()` function to get information about a file named `file.txt`. We then access the `st_size` attribute of the `stat_result` object to print the size of the file in bytes.

## Use Cases
The `os.lstat()` function can be useful in various scenarios, such as:
– Checking file permissions
– Getting file metadata
– Determining file size
– Checking file timestamps

Overall, the `os.lstat()` function provides a way to obtain detailed information about a file or directory in Python without following symbolic links. This can be helpful in various file manipulation and analysis tasks.