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Use Python’s `time.strptime()` function to easily convert date and time strings into a standard format for manipulation in your programs.

# Python time.strptime Usage

The `time.strptime()` function in Python is used to convert a string representing a date and time into a `struct_time` object, which is a tuple that represents a time in a standard format. This function is commonly used when dealing with date and time data in Python programming.

## Syntax

The syntax for the `time.strptime()` function is as follows:

“`python
time.strptime(string, format)
“`

Where:
– `string` is the input string representing the date and time.
– `format` is the format string specifying the format of the input string.

## Parameters

### string
The input string that represents the date and time. The format of this string should match the format specified in the `format` parameter.

### format
The format string specifies the format of the input string. This format string uses format codes to represent various components of the date and time.

Some common format codes used in the `time.strptime()` function are:
– `%Y`: Year with century as a decimal number.
– `%m`: Month as a zero-padded decimal number.
– `%d`: Day of the month as a zero-padded decimal number.
– `%H`: Hour (24-hour clock) as a zero-padded decimal number.
– `%M`: Minute as a zero-padded decimal number.
– `%S`: Second as a zero-padded decimal number.

## Return Value

The `time.strptime()` function returns a `struct_time` object, which is a tuple that represents the input date and time in a standard format. This tuple has the following elements:
– `tm_year`: Year
– `tm_mon`: Month
– `tm_mday`: Day of the month
– `tm_hour`: Hour
– `tm_min`: Minute
– `tm_sec`: Second
– `tm_wday`: Weekday (0 = Monday)
– `tm_yday`: Day of the year
– `tm_isdst`: Daylight Saving Time flag

## Example

Here is an example of how to use the `time.strptime()` function in Python:

“`python
import time

date_string = “2022-10-31 08:15:30”
format_string = “%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S”

parsed_time = time.strptime(date_string, format_string)

print(parsed_time)
“`

In this example, the `date_string` represents the date and time “2022-10-31 08:15:30”, and the `format_string` specifies the format of the input string. The `time.strptime()` function is used to parse the input string and convert it into a `struct_time` object, which is then printed to the console.

## Conclusion

The `time.strptime()` function in Python is a useful tool for converting date and time strings into a standard format that can be easily manipulated and processed in Python programs. By understanding how to use this function and the format codes that it supports, you can effectively work with date and time data in your Python applications.